Wildlife species are usually only pests in certain situations, namely when their numbers become too excessive in a particular area. Human-induced changes in the environment will often result in increased numbers of a species. For example, piles of scrap building material make excellent sites where rodents can nest. Food left out for household pets is often equally attractive to some wildlife species. In these situations, the wildlife have suitable food and habitat and may become a nuisance.
The primary objective of any control program should be to reduce damage in a practical, humane and environmentally acceptable manner. Wildlife X Team Specialists use control methods based on the habits and biology of the animals causing damage. By using methods matched to the nuisance species, control efforts will be more effective and will serve to maximize safety to the environment, humans and other animals.
A key to controlling wildlife damage is prompt and accurate determination of which animal is causing the damage. Even someone with no training or experience can sometimes identify the pest by thoroughly examining the damaged area. Because feeding indications of many wildlife species are similar, other signs such as droppings, tracks, burrows, nests or food caches are usually needed to make a positive species identification.
After the wildlife pest is identified, control methods can be chosen appropriate to the animal species involved.
Four steps lead to a successful nuisance wildlife control program:
- Correctly identify the species causing the situation.
- Alter the habitat, if possible, to make the area less attractive to the wildlife pest.
- Use a control method appropriate to the location, time of year, and other environmental conditions.
- Monitor the site for re-infestation in order to determine if additional control is necessary.
The most commonly used methods for controlling nuisance wildlife around homes and gardens include exclusion, habitat modification, repellents, glue boards & traps.